1999 publications

Ackerly, D. & P.B. Reich. 1999. Convergence and correlations among leaf size and function: a comparative test using independent contrasts. American Journal of Botany 86:1272-1281.

Craine, J., D. Berin, P.B. Reich, J. Knops, D. Tilman. 1999. Measurement of leaf longevity of 14 species of grasses and forbs using a novel approach. New Phytologist 142:475-481.

Davis, M.A., K.J. Wrage, P.B. Reich, M.G. Tjoelker, T. Schaeffer, C. Muermann. 1999. Survival, growth and photosynthesis of tree seedlings competing with herbaceous vegetation along a water-light-nitrogen gradient. Plant Ecology 145:341-350.

Frelich, L.E. 1999. Range of variability in forest structure for the Northern Superior Uplands. A background paper for the forest planning process for Superior National Forest, Minnesota.

Frelich, L.E. 1999. Natural variability of forested ecosystems in northern Minnesota. A background paper for the forest planning process for Superior and Chippewa National Forests, Minnesota.

Frelich, L.E. & P.B. Reich. 1999. Neighborhood effects, disturbance severity, and community stability in forests. Ecosystems 2:151-166.

Frelich, L.E., & K.Puettmann. 1999. Restoration ecology. In Maintaining biodiversity in forest ecosystems, ed. M.L. Hunter, Jr., 498-524. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Knops, J.M., D. Tilman, N.M. Haddad, S. Naeem, C.E. Mitchell, J. Haarstad, M.E. Ritchie, K.M. Howe, P.B. Reich, E. Siemann, J. Groth. 1999. Effects of plant species richness on invasion dynamics, disease outbreaks, insect abundances and diversity. Ecology Letters 2: 286-293.

Machado, J.L. & P. B. Reich. 1999. Evaluation of several measures of canopy openness as predictors of photosynthetic photon flux density in deeply shaded conifer-dominated forest understory. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 29:1438-1444.

Oleksyn, J., P.B. Reich, W. Chalupka & M.G. Tjoelker. 1999. Differential above- and below-ground biomass accumulation of European Pinus sylvestris populations in a 12-year old provenance experiment. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 14:7-17.

Oleksyn, J., P.B. Reich, P. Karolewski, M.G. Tjoelker & W. Chalupka. 1999. Nutritional status of pollen and needles of diverse Pinus sylvestris populations grown at sites with contrasting pollution. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 110:195-212.

Peterson, A.G., J.T. Ball, Y. Luo, C.B. Field, P.B. Reich, P. S. Curtis, K. L. Griffin, C. A. Gunderson, R. J. Norby, D. T. Tissue, M. Forstreuter, A. Rey, C. S. Vogel, and CMEAL participants. 1999. The photosynthesis-leaf nitrogen relationship at ambient and elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide: a meta-analysis. Global Change Biology 5:331-346.

Prus-Glowacki, W., A. Wojnicka-Poltorak, J. Oleksyn, P.B. Reich. 1999. Industrial pollutants tend to increase genetic diversity: evidence from field-grown European Scots pine populations. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 116:395-402.

Reich, P.B., D.S. Ellsworth, M. B. Walters, J. Vose, C. Gresham, J. Volin and W. Bowman. 1999. Generality of leaf traits relationships: a test across six biomes. Ecology 80:1955-1969.

Reich, P.B., D. Turner, P. Bolstad. 1999. An approach to spatially-distributed modeling of net primary production (NPP) at the landscape scale and its application in validation of EOS NPP products. Remote Sensing of Environment 70:69-81.

Romme, W., W. Everham, L.E. Frelich, M. Moritz, R. Sparks. 1999. Are large infrequent disturbances qualitatively different from small frequent disturbances? Ecosystems 1:524-534.

Tjoelker, M.G., P.B. Reich, J. Oleksyn. 1999. Changes in leaf nitrogen and carbohydrate underlie temperature and CO2 acclimation of dark respiration in five boreal tree species. Plant, Cell & Environment 22:767-778.

Tjoelker, M.G., J. Oleksyn, P.B. Reich. 1999. Acclimation of respiration to temperature and CO2 in seedlings of boreal tree species in relation to plant size and relative growth rate. Global Change Biology 5:679-692.

Vanderklein, D.W. & P.B. Reich. 1999. The effect of defoliation intensity and history on photosynthesis, growth and carbon reserves of two conifers with contrasting leaf lifespans and growth habits. New Phytologist 144:121-132.

Walters, M.B., P.B. Reich. 1999. Low light carbon balance and shade tolerance in the seedlings of woody plants: do winter deciduous and broad-leaved evergreen species differ? New Phytologist 143:143-154.